Voter ID, Citizenship, Classified Choice Voting – Here’s What Voters In These States Have Decided On The Rules For Future Elections


Voters from several states were asked on Tuesday whether to change the rules that will determine how elections will unfold in the future, focusing on issues such as citizenship and registration, photo identification and early voting.

Several states have passed new rules, according to CNN projections. Here’s what we know so far:

Connecticut: Connecticut voters backed a state constitutional amendment on Tuesday to allow early voting without excuses, paving the way for the state legislature to consider the step further. Connecticut is currently one of the few states without some form of in-person early voting before election day, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures.

Nebraska: Voters on Tuesday approved a voting initiative that would require voters in the state to present valid photo ID to vote, which is among the country’s most restrictive, CNN projects. State lawmakers will be responsible for drafting legislation to implement the change.

Ohio: Voters have supported an amendment to their state constitution that will prevent local governments from allowing non-citizens to vote in local elections. It also requires citizens to be registered voters 30 days before election day to vote.

Michigan: Voters supported an amendment to the Michigan constitution to facilitate voting rules in various ways. The measures stipulate nine days of in-person early voting, require state funding for ballot papers, and provide, among other things, prepaid postage to return absentee ballots.

Many other states also have similar electoral measures that CNN has not yet anticipated.

Arizona: An electoral measure stemming from concerns by Republican lawmakers over the safety of the 2020 election would require voters in person to present unexpired photo identification that includes the voters’ name and address, if approved by voters. (This means that people who could use a U.S. passport as identification when voting, for example, would also have provided proof of their address, such as a utility bill, according to the underlying legislation.)

Nevada: The Nevadans voted on Tuesday to decide whether the classified choice vote will be brought to the state. Classified choice voting would establish an open primary in which the top five candidates who received the most votes would pass in the general election.

Then, in the general election, voters would rank their preferences among the remaining candidates. If a candidate is the highest ranked in the majority of votes in the general election, that candidate is declared the winner and the tab is over. If no candidate emerges as the overall winner, multiple rounds of tabulation would proceed. The ranking-choice vote measure must also pass in 2024. If voters approve the measure in two elections, state lawmakers would have to pass legislation that implements the change and it would go into effect for the 2026 elections.

This story was updated with further developments on Wednesday.