2008 Georgia Russia Conflict Fast Facts


Right here’s a take a look at the 2008 navy battle between Russia and Georgia.

The battle centered on South Ossetia and Abkhazia, two “breakaway provinces” in Georgia. They’re formally a part of Georgia, however have separate governments unrecognized by most nations.

Abkhazia and South Ossetia are supported by Russia.

Throughout the five-day battle, 170 servicemen, 14 policemen, and 228 civilians from Georgia have been killed and 1,747 wounded. Sixty-seven Russian servicemen have been killed and 283 have been wounded, and 365 South Ossetian servicemen and civilians (mixed) have been killed, in accordance with an official EU fact-finding report in regards to the battle.

1918-1921- Georgia is briefly an unbiased state after separating from the Russian Empire.

1921 – After the Crimson Military invasion, Georgia and Abkhazia are declared Soviet Socialist republics.

1922 – The South Ossetia Autonomous Oblast is created inside Georgia.

1931 – Abkhazia’s standing is decreased to an autonomous republic inside Georgia.

1990 – South Ossetia declares its independence from Georgia.

April 9, 1991 – Georgia declares independence.

1991-1992 – Civil conflict breaks out in Georgia. Zviad Gamsakhurdia is deposed as president.

1992 – Abkhazia declares its independence from Georgia, resulting in armed battle.

October 1992 – Eduard Shevardnadze is elected to guide Georgia. He’s reelected in 1995 and 2000.

September 1993 – Abkhazian separatist forces defeat the Georgian navy.

October 1993 – Georgia joins the Commonwealth of Unbiased States.

Could 1994 – A ceasefire is agreed upon and signed between the Georgian authorities and Abkhaz separatists. Russian peacekeeping forces are deployed to the realm.

October 2001 – Preventing resumes between Abkhaz troops and Georgian paramilitaries. Russia states that it believes Georgia is harboring Chechen rebels, a declare denied by Georgia.

September 2002 – Russian President Vladimir Putin sends a letter to UN Secretary-Common Kofi Annan, UN Safety Council members, and members of the Group for Safety and Cooperation in Europe stating that Georgia should reply to accusations they’re harboring Chechen militants or face navy motion from Russia.

October 2002 – Tensions with Russia are defused after Shevardnadze guarantees to work with Russia to struggle Chechen rebels.

November 2003 – Shevardnadze is compelled to depart workplace within the “Rose Revolution.”

July 2005 – Underneath phrases of a deal reached in Could, Russia begins to withdraw its troops from two Soviet-era navy bases.

Could-June 2006 – Tensions between Georgia and Russia rise once more when Georgia calls for that Russian peacekeepers in South Ossetia have visas.

November 12, 2006 – A referendum is voted upon through which South Ossetians overwhelmingly demand independence.

November 2007 – Russia declares that it has withdrawn its Georgia-based troops. It retains a peacekeeping presence in Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

April 3, 2008 – NATO members at a summit in Bucharest, Romania, defer the choice on Georgia and Ukraine’s admittance till December 2008.

April 21, 2008 – Georgia accuses Russia of capturing down an unmanned drone over Abkhazia on April 20. Russia denies the declare.

April 29, 2008 – Russia sends extra troops to Abkhazia to counter what it says are Georgia’s plans for an assault.

Could 26, 2008 – A UN investigation concludes that the drone shot down on April 21 was struck by a missile from a Russian fighter jet.

Could 30-31, 2008 – Russia sends a number of hundred unarmed troops to Abkhazia, saying they’re wanted for railway repairs. Georgia accuses Russia of planning a navy intervention.

August 7-8, 2008 – Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili sends troops into South Ossetia. Russia responds by shifting its troops to the border, flying plane over Georgia, and starting air strikes in South Ossetia.

August 8, 2008 – America, United Kingdom and NATO name for a stop hearth of navy hostilities by each Russia and Georgia.

August 9, 2008 – A delegation of EU and US diplomats head to Georgia to resolve escalating tensions.

August 10, 2008 – Russia strikes tanks and troopers by way of South Ossetia and into Georgia correct, advancing in direction of the town of Gori.

August 12, 2008 – Russia calls a halt to its navy incursion into Georgia and agrees to a six-point diplomatic push for peace. The plan is introduced by French President Nicolas Sarkozy and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev.

August 13, 2008 – US President George W. Bush declares humanitarian support is to be despatched to Georgia. It is usually introduced that Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice shall be despatched to France and Georgia for a diplomatic mission.

August 15, 2008 – Saakashvili indicators a stop hearth settlement with Russia. The deal is brokered by Sarkozy.

August 16, 2008 – Medvedev indicators the stop hearth settlement.

August 22, 2008 – Russia partially withdraws its troops from Georgia, as a part of the stop hearth settlement. Russia maintains troopers at checkpoints close to the disputed territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

August 26, 2008 – Medvedev indicators an order recognizing the independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia. In response, President Bush releases an announcement saying, partially, “America condemns the choice by the Russian president to acknowledge as unbiased states the Georgian areas of South Ossetia and Abkhazia…The territorial integrity and borders of Georgia should be revered, simply as these of Russia or every other nation.”

July 2009 – UN observers depart Georgia after almost 16 years. The mission was not prolonged attributable to a Russian veto.

September 2009 – A report from an EU fact-finding mission determines that historic tensions and overreaction on the a part of each Russia and Georgia contributed to the five-day battle. Georgia’s assault on the South Ossetian capital of Tskhinvali on the night time of August 7 is seen as the beginning of the armed battle, nonetheless the report notes that the assault was the end result of years of accelerating tensions, provocations and incidents.

January 27, 2016 – The Hague-based Worldwide Legal Court docket authorizes a probe into doable conflict crimes dedicated by Russian, Georgian and South Ossetian forces through the battle.