The lost South American wildflower is rediscovered in the foothills of the Andes

The ghost orchid was last seen in 2009 in a Herefordshire wood

The ghost orchid was last seen in 2009 in a Herefordshire wood

1. Ghost orchid

Status: critically endangered

Best time to see: unknown

Habitat: beech wood

Where? Herefordshire

This orchid was considered extinct until it was spotted in Herefordshire in 2009. It usually grows underground in a deep leaf litter only rarely by sprouting its white flower above the surface to attract pollinators.

Red hellebore grows in southern England and is best seen in May, June and July

Red hellebore grows in southern England and is best seen in May, June and July

2. Red hellebore

Status: critically endangered

Best time to visit: May, June and July

Habitat: dark wood

Where? Southern England

This orchid develops a stem up to 60cm tall which can carry up to 17 flowers which are a deep shade of pink. Plantlife UK said it may have become rare due to its pollinator population declining and the right habitat for them.

Scattered bluebells are found in only 37 locations in the UK

Scattered bluebells are found in only 37 locations in the UK

3. Spread the Campanula

State: in danger

Best time to see: July to November

Habitat: forest

Where? Welsh and West Midlands borders

The Spreading Bellflower is only found in 37 10km square areas in the UK, but in very small numbers. It is threatened by changes in forest management, such as end of coppice and other disturbances, and increased use of roadside and railroad herbicides.

Crested cow grain grows in East Anglia and other parts of the UK

4. Crested cow grain

State: in danger

Best time to visit: July and August

Habitat: meadows and road edges of rocky hills

Where? East Anglia and other areas

The plant grows 15 to 40cm tall and produces pink flowers with yellow lips. It grows in lawns, competing with dozens of other plants to attract insects.

5. Cotswold pennycress

Status: vulnerable and almost threatened

Best time to see: April and May

Habitat: agricultural land

Where? cotswolds

It mainly germinates in the Cotswolds and can be seen growing from hedges, walls and banks.

Plowing, leveling of rough terrain, increased use of fertilizers and herbicides and the abandonment of marginal lands have led to the gradual disappearance of plants. It is often smothered by thicker stuffy plants.

The Lady Orchid, which has beautiful pink flowers, grows in Kent and Oxfordshire

The Lady Orchid, which has beautiful pink flowers, grows in Kent and Oxfordshire

6. Lady Orchid

Status: critical

Best time to see: April, May, June

Habitat: edges of woods and meadows

Where? Kent and Oxfordshire

This purple colored orchid produces large stems of 200 flowers that grow up to 80cm in height. It can be seen growing on the edge of woods and sometimes in open meadows.

This lawn plant is in decline as less land has been used for grazing which means it has been choked by others

This lawn plant is in decline as less land has been used for grazing which means it has been choked by others

7. Clary Lawn

Status: Vulnerable / Near Threatened

Best time to see: Spring and Summer

Habitat: pasture

Where? Oxfordshire, Chilterns and North and South Downs

This plant declined before 1950 when less land was used for grazing and was suffocated by other coarser plants. It is now found in just 21 areas of southern England, where it has probably been reintroduced through “wildflower seed” blends.

The sun-loving plant grows in open meadows and along south-facing hedges and at the southern edge of the woods.

Single-flowered Wintergreen grows in moist, shady pine forests

Single-flowered Wintergreen grows in moist, shady pine forests

8. Wintergreen to a flower

Status: Vulnerable / Near Threatened

Best time to visit: May, June and July

Habitat: pine forests

Where? North East Scotland

This single-flowered plant grows in the humid, shady areas of pine forests. It is clearly visible against the dark soil and rotting pine leaves. The white flower faces down from the end of a tall, umbrella-like stem

The Twinflower is an ice age relic

The Twinflower is an ice age relic

9. Twin

Status: unknown

Best time to see: Spring and Summer

Habitat: forest

Where? Scotland

Arctic-alpine plant that is an ice age relic, has two bell-shaped pink flowers on a thin stem and a thicker stem underneath that creeps along the ground forming small mats. The Twinflower is considered to be one of our smallest and most delicate indigenous flowers.

It now grows on just 50 unrelated sites following changes in forest management.

The white-flowered orchid has been lost in 75% of the countryside

The white-flowered orchid has been lost in 75% of the countryside

10. Lesser butterfly orchid

Status: Vulnerable / Near Threatened

Best time to see: June and July

Habitat: woods, meadows, moors and wetlands

Where? England, Cardiganshire in Wales and parts of Scotland and Northern Ireland

This white-flowered orchid has been lost in 75% of the English countryside since recordings began. By growing a 30 cm tall stem, the plant is now spread out in open areas and those with acidic soil. The best chance to see it is in the Cae Blaen Dyffryn nature reserve in Wales, which is home to a population that can exceed 3,000 in good years.

The decline of orchids could be linked to a symbiotic fungus it depends on to grow, according to Plantlife UK, which is very sensitive to fertilizers and fungicides. Their use on open lawns may have played a role in the plants’ march to extinction.

The plant prefers Beech and Hazel woods

The plant prefers Beech and Hazel woods

11. Nest of yellow birds

Status: unknown

Best time to visit: all year round

Habitat: beech and hazelnut forest

Where? Across the UK

The whole plant is yellow-brown in color and tends to grow in litter in shady woodlands. However, it began to decline after 1930, possibly due to changes in forest management, overgrazing and habitat fragmentation.

Source: Plantlife UK